What is Hypoglycemia?

Hypoglycemia, or low blood glucose, refers to the condition when the sugar levels in blood have dropped below the target level (usually less than 70 mg/dl). The cause is too much insulin in blood which can happen when there is a disproportion between the intake of carbohydrates and the available insulin.

The symptoms of hypoglycemia are shakiness, cold sweats and chills, sudden weakness, tachycardia, dizziness, pallor, hunger, headache, and even seizure. These symptoms are induced by adrenaline which is triggered by low blood sugar.

Juice, fruits, honey, sugar or candy can offer a relief in mild cases. A severe episode of hypoglycemia may require administration of glucagon and should be treated as an emergency.

In diabetes, hypoglycemia may result from a number of factors, including: not eating enough carbohydrates, skipping a meal, by increasing physical activity, by drinking too much alcohol without enough food, and being sick.

If you have diabetes, you can prevent episodes of hypoglycemia by: monitoring blood glucose levels, eating meals or snacks regularly, following a safe physical activity plan, and working closely with your personal health care team.

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