Heart murmurs are swooshing sounds made by blood in the heart or near it, that can be heard with a stethoscope. They can be innocent or abnormal.
Innocent murmurs can be caused by exercise, anaemia, pregnancy, hyperthyroidism, fever or growth spurts. They can appear and disappear, or even last a lifetime without causing any problems. Simply defined, abnormal heart murmurs can be caused by congenital heart defects like holes and valve abnormalities (due to certain medications, rubella, or diabetes in pregnancy), or by valve calcification, endocarditis and rheumatic fever. Family history of heart defects increases the risk of a heart murmur, as do hypertension and rheumatoid arthritis.
Since hypertension is a health risk that is of some control, it is advisable to do as much as you can in order to decrease your chances of developing hypertension.
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